The Last King of Poland and the Empress Who Loved Him

Stanisław Antoni Poniatowski was born on 17 January 1732, the fifth child and second son of a Polish aristocrat in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (now part of Belarus). He would, against all expectation, become the Grand Duke of Lithuania and the last King of Poland. He was also one of Catherine the Great’s lovers. The Empress… Read more The Last King of Poland and the Empress Who Loved Him

Catarina of Austria, Queen of Portugal

On 14 January 1507 Queen Joanna of Castile gave birth to her final child, a daughter whom she named Catarina after the baby’s aunt, Catherine of Aragon, who was languishing as an unmarried widow in England at the time. Queen Joanna would soon know something of captivity and hopelessness as well. Her husband, of King… Read more Catarina of Austria, Queen of Portugal

Circumstances of Usurpation

There was a fascinating study about Bombus terrestris — European buff-tailed bumblebees — that was recently published in Royal Society Open Science: Social insects are well known for their high level of cooperation. Workers of the primitively eusocial bumblebee Bombus terrestris are able to produce male offspring in the presence of a queen. Nonetheless, they… Read more Circumstances of Usurpation