The current Queen of England, Elizabeth II, is a direct descendant of Margaret Tudor, who was the sister of Henry VIII and the Queen of Scotland. Margaret wed James IV of Scotland, and they had a son who survived to adulthood and became James V, King of Scotland. The only legitimate child of James V was Mary, Queen of Scots. When she grew up, Mary married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and bore him a son who they named James. Darnley was Mary’s first cousin, and they were both the grandchildren of Margaret Tudor. A few months after James was born, Mary successfully conspired to murder Darnley, an act that got her in so much trouble she wound up in the custody of her cousin Elizabeth I. However, it was Mary’s son James who became the heir to the English throne as well as the Scots crown, and he later ruled as James I of England. His son, Charles I, also reigned — albeit not successfully since he was beheaded during the English Civil War as a traitor after being tried by Oliver Cromwell’s government.
For the next nine years Cromwell would save England from the tyranny of Kings by being a uncrowned tyrant.
The English people, after putting up with Cromwell’s puritan crap and attempted genocide against Scots and Irish Catholics, decided that a King wasn’t so bad after all. Or decided that at least King’s were no worse than Cromwell and were, unlike Cromwell, entertaining and had almost always had notorious mistresses to gossip about to boot. Thus, the son of Charles I was invited back to be Charles II of England. Charles II was something of a hound dog, in that he had 12 kids by various special lady friends. Unfortunately for him, his wife to did not match his fertility and they had no legitimate children. When Charles died his younger brother became King, and ruled as James II.
James II wasn’t the sharpest knife in the drawer, since he tried to impose his Catholicism on the Protestant-loving English population and got dethroned for his shenanigans. He was replaced by his Protestant daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange. William was also a grandson of Charles I by his eldest daughter, and was thus both James’ son-in-law and nephew. The royal family tree more like a topiary, really. Anyway, William and Mary ruled together until Mary died, after which William reigned alone. When he passed away his throne went to his sister-in-law, Anne. Anne was also the daughter of James II, and a grandchild of Charles I.
It was under Anne that England/Scotland/Wales became “Great Britain”. In spite of Anne’s seventeen pregnancies, she died without any living children. The crown now went to her cousin, George I. Even though there were much closer relations, both physically and biologically, who could have inherited Anne’s throne, they were Catholic and the English wouldn’t have any of them. Instead they went with George, the eldest of Sophia of the Rhineland Palatinate and her husband. Although he was German as wienerschnitzel in his heart of hearts, George was still a direct descendant of Mary Tudor since his mother was the granddaughter of King James I of England via her mother, Elizabeth of Bohemia.
George was married his paternal first cousin, Sophia of Celle, who thought he was a complete git. In spite of being so inbred, their son, George II, was reasonably smart. His wife was a Hanoverian Hotty named Caroline of Ansbach, and they actually liked each other. Their son later reigned as George III, who became famous for losing the American colonies and his marbles. When he finally went bonkers for good his son, the future George IV, became Regent and ruled in his father’s stead. This was the Regency Period and nowadays about 1/3 of all romance novels written are set during this era. Since the only legitimate child of George IV predeceased him when she died delivering a still born baby, his crown was inherited by his younger brother, William IV. William, like his older brothers, had no legitimate children so when he died the throne went to his younger brother’s only child, an 18 year old girl who became Queen Victoria.
Victoria married one of her German first cousins, had nine kids, and ruled for almost 64 years. She was a sourpuss old biddy, and court wasn’t lively again until her son, Edward VII, became King. When Edward died he was succeeded by his oldest surviving son, George V. George, unsurprisingly, married his cousin (at least it was a third cousin this time) Mary of Teck. Like his grandmother, George was an excellent spouse and a horrible parent. When he passed away his throne went first to the emotionally broken and pro-Nazi Edward VIII. Edward abdicated the throne so he could marry Wallis Simpson, and his brother George VI became King. George’s eldest daughter, Elizabeth, is the current Queen.
When William eventually takes the crown, there will be even more Tudor blood on the throne than before. You see, even though the press liked to call his mother a “commoner” back when she married Prince Charles, she was an earl’s daughter her bloodlines are blue as a smurf. Her father, (Edward) John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer (1924–1992), is a direct descendant of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer (19 December 1734 – 31 October 1783), and therefore Lady Di is (like Charles) a biological descendants of Margaret Tudor, since the Spencers can trace their pedigree back to two of the illegitimate sons sired by Charles II, Charles Lennox and Henry Fitzroy.
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Aubigny (29 July 1672 – 27 May 1723), was the offspring of Charles’ mistress Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth. Charles Lennox’s grandson, General Lord George Henry Lennox (29 November 1737 – 25 March 1805) was the father of Charles Lennox, who became 4th Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox, 4th Duke of Aubigny, when his General Lennox’s older brother died without legitimate male heirs. The 4th Duke married Lady Charlotte Gordon and had several children, the eldest of whom was Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond (3 August 1791 – 21 October 1860). The 5th Duke married Lady Caroline Paget, daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey and Lady Caroline Villiers, on 10 April 1817. They had ten children, the youngest of whom was their daughter Lady Cecilia Catherine Gordon-Lennox (13 April 1838 – 5 October 1910). Cecilia married Charles George Bingham, 4th Earl of Lucan (8 May 1830 – 5 June 1914), and they had seven children. One of their daughters, Lady Rosalind Cecilia Caroline Bingham (26 February 1869 – 18 January 1958) wed the 3rd Duke of Abercorn, James Hamilton. One of their children was a daughter they named Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton (1897–1972), and she married Albert Edward John Spencer, the 7th Earl Spencer (1892–1975). Cynthia and Albert’s son, John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer (1924–1992) was Lady Diana’s father.
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (28 September 1663 – 9 October 1690) was the son of King Charles II by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine. One of Charles Fitzroy’s daughters was Lady Isabella FitzRoy (1726 – 10 November 1782), who married Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford. Francis and Isabella’s fifth son was named Hugh, and he eventually became Vice-Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (29 April 1759 – 11 September 1801). One of Hugh’s sons, Sir Horace Seymour, had a daughter named Adelaide Horatia Seymour (1825–1877). Adelaide married Frederick Spencer, the 4th Earl Spencer on 9 August 1854. Their son, Charles Robert Spencer, became the 6th Earl Spencer, who was the paternal great grandfather of Lady Diana.
Basically, future King William is connected to Charles II (and therefore to Margaret Tudor) six ways to Sunday. Despite his desperate attempts, Henry VIII was unable to found a dynasty, but nevertheless a Tudor descendant sits on the throne because Henry VII’s oldest daughter is the direct ancestor of the Queen of England and her heirs. The royal family all carry the blood of the Winter King.